Popularization Of Sports Disciplinary Sanctions

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Summer Camp

First of all, he observes that unlike what happened in India for a sport like rugby, there is no major incompatibility: on the one hand the favorite sports practices in Taiwan (baseball and basketball) imply a primacy of avoidance in a social and cultural context which strictly constrains bodily relationships, and on the other hand the practice of baseball does not threaten the requirement of filial piety and the respect for bodily integrity that flows from it. But, in a concern to go beyond the simple questioning of possible incompatibilities, he underlines the deep complicity between the system set up by baseball in its spatial as well as temporal dimensions and the conceptions of space and time in force in Han culture. The question then is not whether or not formal properties take precedence over historical events,

The reference to “why” and “how” also manifests itself in the consideration of “periodization”. This is a dimension that is particularly present in works on diffusion, whether anthropological, historical or geographical. In his contribution, Jean-Baptiste Maudet criticizes the particularly “mechanistic” version traditionally proposed by geographers in line with the work of Hägerstrand. In order to identify spatio-temporal cycles, he distinguishes three modes of diffusion (contagion, extension, relocation) to which four phases correspond (initiation of diffusion, expansion, condensation and saturation).

Such a model does not allow us to think about certain forms of expansion

The first impulse (emulation) is inseparable from the essential links that rugby maintains with the English educational system and the ideology which it conveys; the second (evangelization) cannot be understood without mentioning the role of the clubs created by men of the Church or by employers who, with a view to appease social antagonisms, tried to promote among the urban masses the ideals of muscular Christianity; finally, the third (marketing) leaves the shores of education and morality to embrace an ideology closer to the values ​​of the working classes, at the same time arousing the tension of the leaders of rugby on the values ​​of amateurism and leading to the 1895 split between the Northern Rugby Union and the Rugby Football Union.

These stages show to what extent the ideological dimensions were fundamental in the changes (or, in the case of rugby, resistance to change) which characterized this period of constitution of the sports field. the third (marketing) leaves the shores of education and morality to embrace an ideology closer to the values ​​of the working classes, at the same time causing the rugby leaders to become tense on the values ​​of amateurism and leading to the rupture of 1895 between the Northern Rugby Union and the Rugby Football Union. These stages show to what extent the ideological dimensions were fundamental in the changes (or, in the case of rugby, resistance to change).

Which characterized this period of constitution of the sports field

The third (marketing) leaves the shores of education and morality to embrace an ideology closer to the values ​​of the working classes, at the same time causing the rugby leaders to become tense on the values ​​of amateurism and leading to the rupture of 1895 between the Northern Rugby Union and the Rugby Football Union. These stages show to what extent the ideological dimensions were fundamental in the changes (or, in the case of rugby, resistance to change) which characterized this period of constitution of the sports field. Amateurism and leading to the 1895 split between the Northern Rugby Union and the Rugby Football Union. These stages show to what extent the ideological dimensions were fundamental in the changes (or, in the case of rugby, resistance to change) which characterized this period of constitution of the sports field. Amateurism and leading to the 1895 split between the Northern Rugby Union and the Rugby Football Union. These stages show to what extent the ideological dimensions were fundamental in the changes (or, in the case of rugby, resistance to change) which characterized this period of constitution of the sports field.

As for Richard Holt

He shows how the three phases he identifies in the penetration of “English” sports in France (emulation, opposition, separation) make it possible to go beyond the simplistic version of the “donor-receiver” model most often used by sports historians – emphasizing, again, the complex interpenetration of extrinsic factors (the influence of the 1870 war and the Paris Commune, trade relations between England and France, etc.) and the structural properties of sports (soccer versus gymnastics, repulsive nature of cricket for a French mind, etc.). He identifies the end of the 1880s as being a pivotal period during which France could have chosen, through the National League of Physical Education, a truly French path instead of engaging, under the auspices of the usfsa, in the movement of English sports. Is the failure of this form of cultural nationalism due to a lack of organization, or to the fact that the practices offered (barette, tennis, mail, theca, etc?).

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